Photo Steps: replacing rear axles

The following sequence of photo-graphs shows the step-by-step procedure for removing an axle from a car which uses a C-type axle lock to hold the rear axles in place. The C-type lock is discussed later in this chapter.

1 Place a drain pan under the differ-ential housing and, using the correct size socket wrench, remove two or three lower bolts and one upper bolt to allow the rear end grease to spill out of the housing.

2 Remove the remaining bolts and the cover. If the cover is stuck to the housing, use a screwdriver to pry it free.

3 Use a scraper to remove the old gasket from both the cover and the axle housing.

4 Turning the drive shaft with one hand, rotate the rear end slowly until the lock bolt pin is just at the bottom of the rear end housing. Now loosen the lock bolt with a box or Allen wrench.

5 Remove the lock pin.

6 Slide the pinion shaft pin out just until it clears the end of the axle. Do not remove the pin.

7 Have a helper push in on the axle flange until the C lock is exposed.

8 Using long-nose pliers, remove the C lock from the axle.

9 Have a helper pull the axle out and remove it. Then push the pinion shaft pin back into place and loosely install the lock pin.

10 Using a slide hammer seal-re-moving tool, take out the axle bearing and/or seal.

11 Using a seal-installing tool and a hammer, install the new seal in the axle housing. Now have your helper install the axle. Once again, remove the lock pin, slide the pinion shaft out far enough to allow the axle to shdo into place, and install the C lock on the axle. With the C lock in place, have your helper pull out on the axle until it sets in place. Again slide the pinion shaft pin into the case and tighten the lock bolt securely.

12 Coat the differential housing cover with gasket cement.

13 Install a new gasket on the differ-ential cover, and put the cover on the housing. First start all cover bolts by hand, then tighten them using the tight-ening sequence described later in this chapter.

14 Fill the differential assembly with rear end grease.

Car Repair Estimate

There is no guarantees when it comes to auto repairs. You have to have some basis of knowledge with your own. The sheer importance of your car sometimes making people nervous when thinking about repairs. These tips will ensure you deal with the situation better if it comes up again.

Dont underestimate how important it is to have some kind of emergency kit inside your car. This kit should consist of tire changing tools, changing your tire, etc. You must wash your car often to avoid rust. All cars eventually get rusted, so make sure that you wash your vehicle at least once a month. Use a decent wax to protect your paint job as much as you can. Referrals are your best best when searching for finding an auto mechanic. Ask the people you know for their vehicles to. You can find out about the quality of service and value that way. People will let you what type of things they had and whether the person was honest. Make sure all repair records on hand.

You want these with you when you go to get repairs done; a great place to store them in the glove compartment for easy access. The auto repair professionals will definitely want to see any records. They can help them diagnose issues quicker. Keep a record when your car repair. If your car has issues in the future, your mechanic will appreciate having access to your past records.

Test drive your car before paying for its repairs. Make sure you specifically request OEM parts.These parts are issued by the same original parts designed by the manufacturer. While generic parts may be cheaper, they are not held to the same quality standards. What is a deal now can cost twice as much as buying OEM in the first place. Look for obvious red flags when dealing with a warning that your repair man is no good. If they beat around the bush and act shifty, they are probably not the mechanic for you. You should feel like you can trust them, so dont be afraid to choose another one. Always try to figure out the problem with your cars problems yourself before you bring it in for repairs.You probably already know that certain mechanics will come with lies to charge you more. Replacing the bulbs on your taillights or taillight is much cheaper when you both time and money.

It is easier on some vehicles than others, but it is much less expensive than hiring someone else to do it.

See if you know can get instructions from someone you trust. Know what all the lights on your dash represent. These lights give you know when something is wrong with your car. Ignoring them for extended periods of time will only make the problem go away. You do not necessarily have to go through your auto repairs done. There are great techs everywhere whether theres a variety of mechanics and auto shops on offer for you decide to go to the dealer further away. Find a mechanic who is certified and stick with them. If you feel that your car has even the smallest of problems, you should take your car in to check it out anyway.

A seemingly small problem can become a major one if dont pay attention to it. Dont buy any claims that a part will last you a lifetime. This is a lie in an attempt to take your cash. One example is that some vehicles say their transmission fluid. While you dont have to change this a lot, you will still have to change the fluid every 80,000 miles or so. There is no reason why car repairs should have the power to ruin your day. Nobody likes auto repairs; however, the information provided should make the entire process a whole lot easier. The next time your vehicle needs repairs, youre good to go.